The Ghana Highway Authority was established under NRC Degree 298 of December 1974 with the responsibility for the administration, control, development and maintenance of all public highways and related facilities in Ghana.
The NRCD has been superseded by Act 540 of December 1997 to reflect changes that occurred in the road sector, over that given period.
The GHA is responsible for the administration, development and maintenance of trunk roads and related facilities in the country. In pursuance of the discharge of this responsibility, the Authority has been charged with the following:
- To plan, develop, maintain and administer the trunk road network, ferries, traffic devices and any related works;
- To control traffic on trunk roads with the aim of providing safe and adequate infrastructure for road transportation commensurate with the economic development of Ghana;
- To undertake research or collaborate with any research organization with the view to facilitating its planning, development, maintenance and administrative activities;
- To collect and preserve data relating to its functions as it considers expedient;
- To collect toll and other revenue on behalf of the Government on the trunk road network
- To negotiate concession agreements with private sector entities;
- To carry on any other activity as appear to the Authority to be conducive or incidental to the attainment of its responsibility;
- To develop human capital adequate to achieve the mission of GHA.
To accelerate the realization of the mission statement, the Authority has devised the following policy objectives:
- Improving road condition: To maximize the benefits from existing and planned highway investments in order to provide a trunk road network at an optimal condition mix (classified into 70% good, 20% fair or 10% poor), such that total road transport cost (construction, maintenance and vehicle operation) is at a minimum;
- Reducing accident fatalities: To design and implement safety schemes on our network to reduce accident fatalities.
- Reducing travel time: To produce trunk roads without unnecessary delays.
- Protecting the pavement from Axle load damage: To protect road pavement from early deterioration by monitoring and ensuring that axle loads on our pavements are within tolerable limits.
- Environmental and social mitigation: To ensure that our project activities do not impact negatively on the environment and society.
- Improving quality of systems delivery: To ensure total quality in the delivery of our products.
- Generation of Internal Funds: To generate internal funds to sustain corporate operation expenditure and payment of staff salaries.
- Collaboration with Private Sector in Road Construction: To negotiate concession agreements with Private Sector entities in Road Construction sector to enable them finance, build and operate selected trunk roads as tolled roads.
- Administration and human resource development: To develop human capital adequate enough to enable staff achieve GHA goals.