Headlines:

Axle Load

OVERVIEW AND OBJECTIVES

The Ghana Highway Authority through the Ministry of Roads and Highways has embarked on several measures to reduce the overloading of heavy vehicles, which has been identified as one of the predominant contributory factors to early road deterioration. The Axle Load Control Policy seeks to reduce overloading of heavy vehicles, thereby preserving the investment made in the provision of road infrastructure, and also reducing road traffic crashes to the barest minimum.

 

The GHA’s Axle Load Control strategy is based on three approaches namely; cordon, corridor, and hotspot approaches. These approaches involve the setting up of Axle Load Control stations along the road corridors. Currently, there are seventeen (17) permanent Axle Load Control stations, four (4) control stations and mobile monitoring vans located across the entire country. The locations of the permanent and control stations are shown in the Table below.

 

In terms of the management of the weighbridge stations, about 90% of the permanent weighbridge stations have been privatized whilst the control stations and the mobile weighing vans are managed by the Ghana Highway Authority.

 

LOCATION OF PERMANENT WEIGHBRIDGE AND CONTROL STATIONS

LOCATION

MANAGEMENT

REGION

1.Bolgatanga

Privatized

Upper East

2.Damongo

GHA

Northern

3. Sawla

Privatized

4. Yapei

Privatized

5. Jema

Privatized

Brong Ahafo

6. Mim

Privatized

7. Asokwa

Privatized

Ashanti

8. Asuoyeboah

Privatized

9. Boankra

GHA

10. Offinso

Privatized

11. Agona Junction

Privatized

Western

 

12. Bogoso

Privatized

13. Sefwi Bekwai

Privatized

14. Elmina

Privatized

Central

15. Adidome

GHA

Volta

16. Akatsi

Privatized

17. Juapong

GHA

18. Doboro

GHA

Eastern

19. New Akrade

GHA

20. Afienya

Privatized

Greater Accra

21. Tema

Privatized

 

BENEFITS OF AXLE LOAD CONTROL

Minimization of overloading of trucks on our roads to the prescribed limits will;

  • Improve road safety ( minimizing road traffic crashes)
  • Extend the life span of the road infrastructure
  • Reduce road maintenance cost
  • Reduce vehicle operating cost

 

LEGISLATIONS

The Legislative provision governing axle load limit management and enforcement in Ghana is contained in the Road Traffic Act 2004, Act 683. The Act is supported by Road Traffic Regulations 2012, L.I.2180. Regulations on Axle loading are covered under Regulations 86 to 99 under Part Three (Use and Construction). The main areas covered under the regulations include the following;

  • Maximum permissible axle load
  • Devices for detection of overloaded vehicles
  • Checking of weights
  • Grant of special permit
  • Special Permit Forms
  • Failure to comply with Axle Load conditions
  • Application of Vehicle Weight Control Regulations
  • Imposition of fees
  • Fees and permit for an abnormal and super dimension loads
  • Liability of owners
  • Axle Load control and enforcement
  • Powers of Authorized Officer
  • Exemptions from payment of fees
  • Appeals

At the Sub-regional level, ECOWAS and UEMOA have various protocols governing axle load in the West African Sub-region. Accordingly, Ghana’s axle load restriction measures are tailored to fit into the sub-regional context. Conventions and Regulations on axle load enforcement include the following;

  1. ECOWAS Convention No. A/P2/5/82 of 29 May 1982, regulating inter-State road transportation between ECOWAS Member States, providing among other issues the tonnage for axle load and other dimensions for vehicles.
  2. ECOWAS Supplementary ACT/SP.17/02/12 relating to the harmonization of standards and procedures for the control of dimensions, weight and axle load of Goods vehicle within Members States of the economic community of West African States
  3. Convention between Ghana, Burkina Faso, Mali and UEMOA Commission on the establishment of a Harmonized System for the Limitation and Control of the Gauge, Weights and Axle Loads of Haulage Vehicles on the Tema-Ouagadougou-Bamako Corridor
  4. Regulation 14/2005/CM/UEMOA of December, 2005 on Harmonization of the Control of Dimension, Weight and Axle Load of Heavy Duty Goods Transport Vehicles UEMOA Member States.

 

PUNITIVE MEASURES

Overloaded trucks beyond the prescribed limits are fined in accordance with Schedule Eight of the Road Traffic Regulations, 2012 (L.I. 2180) ,the excess is off loaded and reweighed before the truck is allowed to continue its journey.

 

EDUCATION AND SENSITIZATION

The Axle Load Control Unit organizes Durbars and Workshops regularly to sensitize stakeholders in the transportation industry and the law enforcement agencies on the axle load control regulations.

 

In addition, GHA has put together comprehensive education and sensitization programmes on axle load control for stakeholders and the general public. The programme entails radio discussions, TV documentary, Outdoor visuals, jingles and fliers.

EIGHTH SHEDULE

 

AXLE LOAD CONFIGURATION AND OVERLOADING FEES

 
           
 

No.

Axle Load
(tonnes)

Excess of Total Weight of
Vehicle on the Road (tonnes)

Fines (GH¢)

 
 

1

11.5

0

Legal

 
 

2

12

0.5

Tolerance
Margin

 
 

3

12.5

1

100.00

 
 

4

13

1.5

200.00

 
 

5

14

2.5

500.00

 
 

6

15

3.5

1,000.00

 
 

7

16

4.5

1,500.00

 
 

8

17

5.5

2,000.00

 
 

9

18

6.5

3,000.00

 
 

10

19

7.5

4,000.00

 
 

11

20

8.5

5,000.00

 
 

12

Un-authorised out of gauge load

65.12

 
 

13

Un-authorised transformation of gauge

293.04

 
 

14

Refusal to pass through weighbridge station

293.04